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path: root/lib/bb/utils.py
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# ex:ts=4:sw=4:sts=4:et
# -*- tab-width: 4; c-basic-offset: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-
"""
BitBake Utility Functions
"""

# Copyright (C) 2004 Michael Lauer
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
# published by the Free Software Foundation.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
# 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

import re, fcntl, os, string, stat, shutil, time
import sys
import errno
import logging
import bb
import bb.msg
import multiprocessing
import fcntl
from commands import getstatusoutput
from contextlib import contextmanager

logger = logging.getLogger("BitBake.Util")

# Context used in better_exec, eval
_context = {
    "os": os,
    "bb": bb,
    "time": time,
}

def explode_version(s):
    r = []
    alpha_regexp = re.compile('^([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)$')
    numeric_regexp = re.compile('^(\d+)(.*)$')
    while (s != ''):
        if s[0] in string.digits:
            m = numeric_regexp.match(s)
            r.append((0, int(m.group(1))))
            s = m.group(2)
            continue
        if s[0] in string.letters:
            m = alpha_regexp.match(s)
            r.append((1, m.group(1)))
            s = m.group(2)
            continue
        if s[0] == '~':
            r.append((-1, s[0]))
        else:
            r.append((2, s[0]))
        s = s[1:]
    return r

def split_version(s):
    """Split a version string into its constituent parts (PE, PV, PR)"""
    s = s.strip(" <>=")
    e = 0
    if s.count(':'):
        e = int(s.split(":")[0])
        s = s.split(":")[1]
    r = ""
    if s.count('-'):
        r = s.rsplit("-", 1)[1]
        s = s.rsplit("-", 1)[0]
    v = s
    return (e, v, r)

def vercmp_part(a, b):
    va = explode_version(a)
    vb = explode_version(b)
    while True:
        if va == []:
            (oa, ca) = (0, None)
        else:
            (oa, ca) = va.pop(0)
        if vb == []:
            (ob, cb) = (0, None)
        else:
            (ob, cb) = vb.pop(0)
        if (oa, ca) == (0, None) and (ob, cb) == (0, None):
            return 0
        if oa < ob:
            return -1
        elif oa > ob:
            return 1
        elif ca < cb:
            return -1
        elif ca > cb:
            return 1

def vercmp(ta, tb):
    (ea, va, ra) = ta
    (eb, vb, rb) = tb

    r = int(ea or 0) - int(eb or 0)
    if (r == 0):
        r = vercmp_part(va, vb)
    if (r == 0):
        r = vercmp_part(ra, rb)
    return r

def vercmp_string(a, b):
    ta = split_version(a)
    tb = split_version(b)
    return vercmp(ta, tb)

def explode_deps(s):
    """
    Take an RDEPENDS style string of format:
    "DEPEND1 (optional version) DEPEND2 (optional version) ..."
    and return a list of dependencies.
    Version information is ignored.
    """
    r = []
    l = s.split()
    flag = False
    for i in l:
        if i[0] == '(':
            flag = True
            #j = []
        if not flag:
            r.append(i)
        #else:
        #    j.append(i)
        if flag and i.endswith(')'):
            flag = False
            # Ignore version
            #r[-1] += ' ' + ' '.join(j)
    return r

def explode_dep_versions(s):
    """
    Take an RDEPENDS style string of format:
    "DEPEND1 (optional version) DEPEND2 (optional version) ..."
    and return a dictionary of dependencies and versions.
    """
    r = {}
    l = s.replace(",", "").split()
    lastdep = None
    lastver = ""
    inversion = False
    for i in l:
        if i[0] == '(':
            inversion = True
            lastver = i[1:] or ""
            #j = []
        elif inversion and i.endswith(')'):
            inversion = False
            lastver = lastver + " " + (i[:-1] or "")
            r[lastdep] = lastver
        elif not inversion:
            r[i] = None
            lastdep = i
            lastver = ""
        elif inversion:
            lastver = lastver + " " + i

    return r

def join_deps(deps, commasep=True):
    """
    Take the result from explode_dep_versions and generate a dependency string
    """
    result = []
    for dep in deps:
        if deps[dep]:
            result.append(dep + " (" + deps[dep] + ")")
        else:
            result.append(dep)
    if commasep:
        return ", ".join(result)
    else:
        return " ".join(result)

def _print_trace(body, line):
    """
    Print the Environment of a Text Body
    """
    # print the environment of the method
    min_line = max(1, line-4)
    max_line = min(line + 4, len(body))
    for i in xrange(min_line, max_line + 1):
        if line == i:
            logger.error(' *** %.4d:%s', i, body[i-1])
        else:
            logger.error('     %.4d:%s', i, body[i-1])

def better_compile(text, file, realfile, mode = "exec"):
    """
    A better compile method. This method
    will print  the offending lines.
    """
    try:
        return compile(text, file, mode)
    except Exception as e:
        # split the text into lines again
        body = text.split('\n')
        logger.error("Error in compiling python function in %s", realfile)
        logger.error(str(e))
        if e.lineno:
            logger.error("The lines leading to this error were:")
            logger.error("\t%d:%s:'%s'", e.lineno, e.__class__.__name__, body[e.lineno-1])
            _print_trace(body, e.lineno)
        else:
            logger.error("The function causing this error was:")
            for line in body:
                logger.error(line)

        raise

def better_exec(code, context, text, realfile = "<code>"):
    """
    Similiar to better_compile, better_exec will
    print the lines that are responsible for the
    error.
    """
    import bb.parse
    if not hasattr(code, "co_filename"):
        code = better_compile(code, realfile, realfile)
    try:
        exec(code, _context, context)
    except Exception:
        (t, value, tb) = sys.exc_info()

        if t in [bb.parse.SkipPackage, bb.build.FuncFailed]:
            raise

        import traceback
        exception = traceback.format_exception_only(t, value)
        logger.error('Error executing a python function in %s:\n%s',
                     realfile, ''.join(exception))

        # Strip 'us' from the stack (better_exec call)
        tb = tb.tb_next

        textarray = text.split('\n')
        linefailed = traceback.tb_lineno(tb)

        tbextract = traceback.extract_tb(tb)
        tbformat = "\n".join(traceback.format_list(tbextract))
        logger.error("The stack trace of python calls that resulted in this exception/failure was:")
        for line in tbformat.split('\n'):
            logger.error(line)

        logger.error("The code that was being executed was:")
        _print_trace(textarray, linefailed)
        logger.error("(file: '%s', lineno: %s, function: %s)", tbextract[0][0], tbextract[0][1], tbextract[0][2])

        # See if this is a function we constructed and has calls back into other functions in
        # "text". If so, try and improve the context of the error by diving down the trace
        level = 0
        nexttb = tb.tb_next
        while nexttb is not None:
            if tbextract[level][0] == tbextract[level+1][0] and tbextract[level+1][2] == tbextract[level][0]:
                _print_trace(textarray, tbextract[level+1][1])
                logger.error("(file: '%s', lineno: %s, function: %s)", tbextract[level+1][0], tbextract[level+1][1], tbextract[level+1][2])
            else:
                 break
            nexttb = tb.tb_next
            level = level + 1

        raise

def simple_exec(code, context):
    exec(code, _context, context)

def better_eval(source, locals):
    return eval(source, _context, locals)

@contextmanager
def fileslocked(files):
    """Context manager for locking and unlocking file locks."""
    locks = []
    if files:
        for lockfile in files:
            locks.append(bb.utils.lockfile(lockfile))

    yield

    for lock in locks:
        bb.utils.unlockfile(lock)

def lockfile(name, shared=False, retry=True):
    """
    Use the file fn as a lock file, return when the lock has been acquired.
    Returns a variable to pass to unlockfile().
    """
    dirname = os.path.dirname(name)
    mkdirhier(dirname)

    if not os.access(dirname, os.W_OK):
        logger.error("Unable to acquire lock '%s', directory is not writable",
                     name)
        sys.exit(1)

    op = fcntl.LOCK_EX
    if shared:
        op = fcntl.LOCK_SH
    if not retry:
        op = op | fcntl.LOCK_NB

    while True:
        # If we leave the lockfiles lying around there is no problem
        # but we should clean up after ourselves. This gives potential
        # for races though. To work around this, when we acquire the lock
        # we check the file we locked was still the lock file on disk.
        # by comparing inode numbers. If they don't match or the lockfile
        # no longer exists, we start again.

        # This implementation is unfair since the last person to request the
        # lock is the most likely to win it.

        try:
            lf = open(name, 'a+')
            fileno = lf.fileno()
            fcntl.flock(fileno, op)
            statinfo = os.fstat(fileno)
            if os.path.exists(lf.name):
                statinfo2 = os.stat(lf.name)
                if statinfo.st_ino == statinfo2.st_ino:
                    return lf
            lf.close()
        except Exception:
            pass
        if not retry:
            return None

def unlockfile(lf):
    """
    Unlock a file locked using lockfile()
    """
    try:
        # If we had a shared lock, we need to promote to exclusive before
        # removing the lockfile. Attempt this, ignore failures.
        fcntl.flock(lf.fileno(), fcntl.LOCK_EX|fcntl.LOCK_NB)
        os.unlink(lf.name)
    except (IOError, OSError):
        pass
    fcntl.flock(lf.fileno(), fcntl.LOCK_UN)
    lf.close()

def md5_file(filename):
    """
    Return the hex string representation of the MD5 checksum of filename.
    """
    try:
        import hashlib
        m = hashlib.md5()
    except ImportError:
        import md5
        m = md5.new()

    for line in open(filename):
        m.update(line)
    return m.hexdigest()

def sha256_file(filename):
    """
    Return the hex string representation of the 256-bit SHA checksum of
    filename.  On Python 2.4 this will return None, so callers will need to
    handle that by either skipping SHA checks, or running a standalone sha256sum
    binary.
    """
    try:
        import hashlib
    except ImportError:
        return None

    s = hashlib.sha256()
    for line in open(filename):
        s.update(line)
    return s.hexdigest()

def preserved_envvars_exported():
    """Variables which are taken from the environment and placed in and exported
    from the metadata"""
    return [
        'BB_TASKHASH',
        'HOME',
        'LOGNAME',
        'PATH',
        'PWD',
        'SHELL',
        'TERM',
        'USER',
    ]

def preserved_envvars_exported_interactive():
    """Variables which are taken from the environment and placed in and exported
    from the metadata, for interactive tasks"""
    return [
        'COLORTERM',
        'DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS',
        'DESKTOP_SESSION',
        'DESKTOP_STARTUP_ID',
        'DISPLAY',
        'GNOME_KEYRING_PID',
        'GNOME_KEYRING_SOCKET',
        'GPG_AGENT_INFO',
        'GTK_RC_FILES',
        'SESSION_MANAGER',
        'KRB5CCNAME',
        'SSH_AUTH_SOCK',
        'XAUTHORITY',
        'XDG_DATA_DIRS',
        'XDG_SESSION_COOKIE',
    ]

def preserved_envvars():
    """Variables which are taken from the environment and placed in the metadata"""
    v = [
        'BBPATH',
        'BB_PRESERVE_ENV',
        'BB_ENV_WHITELIST',
        'BB_ENV_EXTRAWHITE',
        'LANG',
        '_',
    ]
    return v + preserved_envvars_exported() + preserved_envvars_exported_interactive()

def filter_environment(good_vars):
    """
    Create a pristine environment for bitbake. This will remove variables that
    are not known and may influence the build in a negative way.
    """

    removed_vars = []
    for key in os.environ.keys():
        if key in good_vars:
            continue

        removed_vars.append(key)
        os.unsetenv(key)
        del os.environ[key]

    if len(removed_vars):
        logger.debug(1, "Removed the following variables from the environment: %s", ", ".join(removed_vars))

    return removed_vars

def create_interactive_env(d):
    for k in preserved_envvars_exported_interactive():
        os.setenv(k, d.getVar(k, True))

def approved_variables():
    """
    Determine and return the list of whitelisted variables which are approved
    to remain in the envrionment.
    """
    approved = []
    if 'BB_ENV_WHITELIST' in os.environ:
        approved = os.environ['BB_ENV_WHITELIST'].split()
    else:
        approved = preserved_envvars()
    if 'BB_ENV_EXTRAWHITE' in os.environ:
        approved.extend(os.environ['BB_ENV_EXTRAWHITE'].split())
    return approved

def clean_environment():
    """
    Clean up any spurious environment variables. This will remove any
    variables the user hasn't chosen to preserve.
    """
    if 'BB_PRESERVE_ENV' not in os.environ:
        good_vars = approved_variables()
        filter_environment(good_vars)

def empty_environment():
    """
    Remove all variables from the environment.
    """
    for s in os.environ.keys():
        os.unsetenv(s)
        del os.environ[s]

def build_environment(d):
    """
    Build an environment from all exported variables.
    """
    import bb.data
    for var in bb.data.keys(d):
        export = d.getVarFlag(var, "export")
        if export:
            os.environ[var] = d.getVar(var, True) or ""

def remove(path, recurse=False):
    """Equivalent to rm -f or rm -rf"""
    if not path:
        return
    import os, errno, shutil, glob
    for name in glob.glob(path):
        try:
            os.unlink(name)
        except OSError as exc:
            if recurse and exc.errno == errno.EISDIR:
                shutil.rmtree(name)
            elif exc.errno != errno.ENOENT:
                raise

def prunedir(topdir):
    # Delete everything reachable from the directory named in 'topdir'.
    # CAUTION:  This is dangerous!
    for root, dirs, files in os.walk(topdir, topdown = False):
        for name in files:
            os.remove(os.path.join(root, name))
        for name in dirs:
            if os.path.islink(os.path.join(root, name)):
                os.remove(os.path.join(root, name))
            else:
                os.rmdir(os.path.join(root, name))
    os.rmdir(topdir)

#
# Could also use return re.compile("(%s)" % "|".join(map(re.escape, suffixes))).sub(lambda mo: "", var)
# but thats possibly insane and suffixes is probably going to be small
#
def prune_suffix(var, suffixes, d):
    # See if var ends with any of the suffixes listed and
    # remove it if found
    for suffix in suffixes:
        if var.endswith(suffix):
            return var.replace(suffix, "")
    return var

def mkdirhier(directory):
    """Create a directory like 'mkdir -p', but does not complain if
    directory already exists like os.makedirs
    """

    try:
        os.makedirs(directory)
    except OSError as e:
        if e.errno != errno.EEXIST:
            raise e

def movefile(src, dest, newmtime = None, sstat = None):
    """Moves a file from src to dest, preserving all permissions and
    attributes; mtime will be preserved even when moving across
    filesystems.  Returns true on success and false on failure. Move is
    atomic.
    """

    #print "movefile(" + src + "," + dest + "," + str(newmtime) + "," + str(sstat) + ")"
    try:
        if not sstat:
            sstat = os.lstat(src)
    except Exception as e:
        print("movefile: Stating source file failed...", e)
        return None

    destexists = 1
    try:
        dstat = os.lstat(dest)
    except:
        dstat = os.lstat(os.path.dirname(dest))
        destexists = 0

    if destexists:
        if stat.S_ISLNK(dstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
            try:
                os.unlink(dest)
                destexists = 0
            except Exception as e:
                pass

    if stat.S_ISLNK(sstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
        try:
            target = os.readlink(src)
            if destexists and not stat.S_ISDIR(dstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
                os.unlink(dest)
            os.symlink(target, dest)
            #os.lchown(dest,sstat[stat.ST_UID],sstat[stat.ST_GID])
            os.unlink(src)
            return os.lstat(dest)
        except Exception as e:
            print("movefile: failed to properly create symlink:", dest, "->", target, e)
            return None

    renamefailed = 1
    if sstat[stat.ST_DEV] == dstat[stat.ST_DEV]:
        try:
            os.rename(src, dest)
            renamefailed = 0
        except Exception as e:
            if e[0] != errno.EXDEV:
                # Some random error.
                print("movefile: Failed to move", src, "to", dest, e)
                return None
            # Invalid cross-device-link 'bind' mounted or actually Cross-Device

    if renamefailed:
        didcopy = 0
        if stat.S_ISREG(sstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
            try: # For safety copy then move it over.
                shutil.copyfile(src, dest + "#new")
                os.rename(dest + "#new", dest)
                didcopy = 1
            except Exception as e:
                print('movefile: copy', src, '->', dest, 'failed.', e)
                return None
        else:
            #we don't yet handle special, so we need to fall back to /bin/mv
            a = getstatusoutput("/bin/mv -f " + "'" + src + "' '" + dest + "'")
            if a[0] != 0:
                print("movefile: Failed to move special file:" + src + "' to '" + dest + "'", a)
                return None # failure
        try:
            if didcopy:
                os.lchown(dest, sstat[stat.ST_UID], sstat[stat.ST_GID])
                os.chmod(dest, stat.S_IMODE(sstat[stat.ST_MODE])) # Sticky is reset on chown
                os.unlink(src)
        except Exception as e:
            print("movefile: Failed to chown/chmod/unlink", dest, e)
            return None

    if newmtime:
        os.utime(dest, (newmtime, newmtime))
    else:
        os.utime(dest, (sstat[stat.ST_ATIME], sstat[stat.ST_MTIME]))
        newmtime = sstat[stat.ST_MTIME]
    return newmtime

def copyfile(src, dest, newmtime = None, sstat = None):
    """
    Copies a file from src to dest, preserving all permissions and
    attributes; mtime will be preserved even when moving across
    filesystems.  Returns true on success and false on failure.
    """
    #print "copyfile(" + src + "," + dest + "," + str(newmtime) + "," + str(sstat) + ")"
    try:
        if not sstat:
            sstat = os.lstat(src)
    except Exception as e:
        print("copyfile: Stating source file failed...", e)
        return False

    destexists = 1
    try:
        dstat = os.lstat(dest)
    except:
        dstat = os.lstat(os.path.dirname(dest))
        destexists = 0

    if destexists:
        if stat.S_ISLNK(dstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
            try:
                os.unlink(dest)
                destexists = 0
            except Exception as e:
                pass

    if stat.S_ISLNK(sstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
        try:
            target = os.readlink(src)
            if destexists and not stat.S_ISDIR(dstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
                os.unlink(dest)
            os.symlink(target, dest)
            #os.lchown(dest,sstat[stat.ST_UID],sstat[stat.ST_GID])
            return os.lstat(dest)
        except Exception as e:
            print("copyfile: failed to properly create symlink:", dest, "->", target, e)
            return False

    if stat.S_ISREG(sstat[stat.ST_MODE]):
        try:
            srcchown = False
            if not os.access(src, os.R_OK):
                # Make sure we can read it
                srcchown = True
                os.chmod(src, sstat[stat.ST_MODE] | stat.S_IRUSR)

            # For safety copy then move it over.
            shutil.copyfile(src, dest + "#new")
            os.rename(dest + "#new", dest)
        except Exception as e:
            print('copyfile: copy', src, '->', dest, 'failed.', e)
            return False
        finally:
            if srcchown:
                os.chmod(src, sstat[stat.ST_MODE])
                os.utime(src, (sstat[stat.ST_ATIME], sstat[stat.ST_MTIME]))

    else:
        #we don't yet handle special, so we need to fall back to /bin/mv
        a = getstatusoutput("/bin/cp -f " + "'" + src + "' '" + dest + "'")
        if a[0] != 0:
            print("copyfile: Failed to copy special file:" + src + "' to '" + dest + "'", a)
            return False # failure
    try:
        os.lchown(dest, sstat[stat.ST_UID], sstat[stat.ST_GID])
        os.chmod(dest, stat.S_IMODE(sstat[stat.ST_MODE])) # Sticky is reset on chown
    except Exception as e:
        print("copyfile: Failed to chown/chmod/unlink", dest, e)
        return False

    if newmtime:
        os.utime(dest, (newmtime, newmtime))
    else:
        os.utime(dest, (sstat[stat.ST_ATIME], sstat[stat.ST_MTIME]))
        newmtime = sstat[stat.ST_MTIME]
    return newmtime

def which(path, item, direction = 0):
    """
    Locate a file in a PATH
    """

    paths = (path or "").split(':')
    if direction != 0:
        paths.reverse()

    for p in paths:
        next = os.path.join(p, item)
        if os.path.exists(next):
            if not os.path.isabs(next):
                next = os.path.abspath(next)
            return next

    return ""

def to_boolean(string, default=None):
    if not string:
        return default

    normalized = string.lower()
    if normalized in ("y", "yes", "1", "true"):
        return True
    elif normalized in ("n", "no", "0", "false"):
        return False
    else:
        raise ValueError("Invalid value for to_boolean: %s" % string)

def contains(variable, checkvalues, truevalue, falsevalue, d):
    val = d.getVar(variable, True)
    if not val:
        return falsevalue
    val = set(val.split())
    if isinstance(checkvalues, basestring):
        checkvalues = set(checkvalues.split())
    else:
        checkvalues = set(checkvalues)
    if checkvalues.issubset(val): 
        return truevalue
    return falsevalue

def cpu_count():
    return multiprocessing.cpu_count()

def nonblockingfd(fd):
    fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_GETFL) | os.O_NONBLOCK)