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import subprocess
import signal

def subprocess_setup():
    # Python installs a SIGPIPE handler by default. This is usually not what
    # non-Python subprocesses expect.
    signal.signal(signal.SIGPIPE, signal.SIG_DFL)

class CmdError(RuntimeError):
    def __init__(self, command):
        self.command = command

    def __str__(self):
        if not isinstance(self.command, basestring):
            cmd = subprocess.list2cmdline(self.command)
        else:
            cmd = self.command

        return "Execution of '%s' failed" % cmd

class NotFoundError(CmdError):
    def __str__(self):
        return CmdError.__str__(self) + ": command not found"

class ExecutionError(CmdError):
    def __init__(self, command, exitcode, stdout = None, stderr = None):
        CmdError.__init__(self, command)
        self.exitcode = exitcode
        self.stdout = stdout
        self.stderr = stderr

    def __str__(self):
        message = ""
        if self.stderr:
            message += self.stderr
        if self.stdout:
            message += self.stdout
        if message:
            message = ":\n" + message
        return (CmdError.__str__(self) +
                " with exit code %s" % self.exitcode + message)

class Popen(subprocess.Popen):
    defaults = {
        "close_fds": True,
        "preexec_fn": subprocess_setup,
        "stdout": subprocess.PIPE,
        "stderr": subprocess.STDOUT,
        "stdin": subprocess.PIPE,
        "shell": False,
    }

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        options = dict(self.defaults)
        options.update(kwargs)
        subprocess.Popen.__init__(self, *args, **options)

def run(cmd, input=None, **options):
    """Convenience function to run a command and return its output, raising an
    exception when the command fails"""

    if isinstance(cmd, basestring) and not "shell" in options:
        options["shell"] = True
    try:
        pipe = Popen(cmd, **options)
    except OSError, exc:
        if exc.errno == 2:
            raise NotFoundError(cmd)
        else:
            raise
    stdout, stderr = pipe.communicate(input)
    if pipe.returncode != 0:
        raise ExecutionError(cmd, pipe.returncode, stdout, stderr)
    return stdout